Welcome to Titanic: Truth, Myths and Legends! Here you will find
information reguarding the truth about the famous White Star ocean
liner, many commonly believed myths, and, more importantly, stories of
the passengers, the real legends of the Titanic.
Please check back often as updates happen as often as new things are learned and discovered about the famous ship wreck.
|Timeline of Titanic: From Before Conception to After Destruction
1876- Thomas Henry Ismay purchased the struggling White Star Line, which
had been focusing on the Australian goldrush trade and constructed
mainly simple sailing vessels.
1896-1870- Belfast workers Harland & Wolff start construction of the Oceanic, the first of many fine White Star Line ships.
1891- Joseph Bruce Ismay, son of Thomas Henry, joins White Star Line as a partner.
1899- Henry Ismay dies, leaving son J. Bruce in charge of White Star Line.
1902- White Star Line is taken over by American financier J. Peirpoint
Morgan, and his shipping trust, International Mercantile Marine (IMM)
now runs the company.
1904- J. Bruce becomes president of Morgan's IMM.
1907- William Pirrie, Chairman of Harland & Wolff, invited Ismay to
his London residence to discuss plans to build 2 massive ocean liners
for the White Star Line. They hope their Olympic Class Liners will
rival Cunard's Lusitania and Mauretania. Granduer and comfort are among
the most important things considered.
1908- White Star Line officially approves the designs of the Olympic
Class Liners with Harland & Wolff, initally ordering 2 ships to be
made. A third will be ordered in time. Because of the sheer size of the
ships, Harland & Wolff must create new slipways to accomodate them.
1909- On march 31st, Titanic is born, as her keel is laid down on yard number 401.
1910- On October 20th, Olympic is launched, making her the largest man made moving object in the world.
1910- On March 31st, Titanic is launched, in front of a crowd of 100,000 people.
1911- In July, Harland & Wolff and White Star Line agree on the March 20th, 1912 sailing date set for Titanic.
1911- On September 20th, the Olympic is badly damaged in a collision with a Royal Navy Cruiser, H.M.S. Hawke. As workers undertake repairs to the ship, work on Titanic slows.
1912- In March, Titanic's lifeboats are tested, while in April, her delayed date of sea trials finally begins on the 2nd. On April 3rd, Titanic arrives at her port of departure, Southampton, just after midnight.
1912- On April 10th, Titanic
picks up the first of it's passengers, in Southampton, England, and
sets sails for Cherbourg at close to noon. Departure is delayed for an
hour, due to the narrowly averted collision with the New York. This would-be collision, which was only escaped by 4 feet, was caused by water displacement from Titanic's movement.
1912- On April 11th, Titanic is sailing to, arrives, and sets sail form
her last port, Queenstown, Ireland. Titanic now holds an estimated
2,227 passengers and crew.
1912- On April 14th, at 11:40pm, with the ocean temperature at a cold
31 degrees, crows nest lookout Frederick Fleet rang the bell a sharp 3 times and phoned the bridge, yelling, "
Iceburg, right ahead!".
6th Officer Moody relays the messege to 1st Officer Murdoch, who orders
"hard a starboard", orders engine room to stop engines, as well as full
astern, and proceded to close the watertight doors. After 37 seconds
have elapsed, from the time it was spotted, Titanic's starboard bow was
struck by an iceburg, below the waterline. There was no gaping gash
produced, only various sized holes and punctures, thus, most passengers
didn't feel more than a slight bump.
On April 15th, just past midnight, orders to uncover and prepare
lifeboats were given. If every lifeboat is filled to capacity, 1,178
passengers will have the potential of being saved. (That would mean,
theoretically, 1,049 people would still have died had all lifeboats
At 12:25, orders are given to start loading women and children into the
boats. The Carpathia, having heard the distress call sent out from
Titanic, head full speed to Titanic, but, being some 58 miles away,
projected time of arribal is a little more than 3 hours. Thomas Andrews
projected, after assessing the damage, that the ship would only stay
afloat for 2 and a half hours.
At 1:15am, the water has now reached the Titanic's printed name on the
hull. The ship is beginning to tilt, and finally, the lifeboats are
being launched more full. (Up till now, only about 6 boats have been
lowered, carrying only 180 people, when they could have carried 380)
At 2:10 am, the Captain releases wireless operators of their duty, and declares "Every man for himself...."
The bow plunges under, enabling collapsible boat B to float free,
however, upside down. The ship's band stops playing, and many crew and
passengers jump overboard to try to float on debris from the boat deck
The forward funnel collapses, crushing many swimmers. Collapsible boat
A floats free, and 2 dozen people flock to it, it clears right side up,
although dangerously overloaded. Much later, Officer Lowe would return
with boat number 14 looking for survivors swimming and holding onto
debris, rescuing about half of the people who originally clung to this
At 2:18 am, a loud roar is heard, as many free standing objects in the
ship fall toward the sinking bow. Ships lights blink once, then go out
all together. The ship is said, by many passengers, to have split into
2. The bow sinks altogether, while the stern floats for a breif second,
and then begins to sink.
An estimated 1,522 people have died.
At 3:30am, people in lifeboats start to see the Carpathia.
At 8:30am, the last lifeboat is picked up. Charles Lightoller is the last survivor to come aboard.
On April 17th, the Mackay-Bennet leaves to search for bodies near the wreck site, and picks up 306. The Minia aids, finding only another 17. In all, the 4 ships commissioned by the White Star Line to search for bodies produced 328.
On September 1, 1985, after many other attempts by many other people to locate the wreck of Titanic, 73 years after the sinking and at a depth of 12,640 feet, the wreck of Titanic
is found by Dr. Robert Ballard, eerily, at close to midnight. The crew,
after rejoicing for only seconds, begin to quiet and say a prayer for
those lost on Titanic.
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